What is Automation Testing?
Automation Testing is a software testing technique that is performed using special automated testing software tools to execute a test case suite. In contrast, a person sitting in front of a computer can perform manual testing by carefully executing the test steps. The automation testing software also enters test data into the System Under Test, compares expected and real results, and prepares detailed test reports. Software Test Automation requires significant investments of money and resources.
Development cycles will require the execution of the same test suite over and over again. By Using a test automation tool, it’s possible to record this test suite and replay it as needed. Once the test suite is automated, no intervention is required during this process. This improved ROI of Test Automation. Its main purpose is to reduce the number of test cases manually, but not to eliminate manual testing.
In this automated software testing tutorial, you will learn the basics of test automation.
- What is Automation Testing?
- Why Automated Testing?
- Which Test Cases to Automate?
- Automated Testing Process
- Test tool selection
- Define the scope of Automation.
- Planning, Design, and Development
- Test Execution
- Framework for Automation
- Types of Automated Testing
- Benefits of Automation Testing
- Automation Testing Tools
Why Test Automation?
Because test automation is a great way to increase the effectiveness, test coverage, and execution speed in software testing. This is important for the following reasons.
- It increases the speed of test execution.
- Automation helps increase Test Coverage.
- It is difficult to manually test multilingual sites.
- Manual testing is boring and therefore prone to errors.
- Test automation does not require human intervention in software testing. You can run automated tests without interruption (overnight)
- Manual testing of all workflows and negative scenarios is time and money-consuming.
Which Test Cases to Automate?
Test cases to be automated using the following criteria.
- High Risk – Business Critical test cases
- Test cases that are repeatedly executed
- Those Test Cases are very tedious or difficult to perform manually.
- Time-consuming test Cases
The following types of test cases are not suitable for automation.
- Test cases that are newly designed and have not been processed manually at least once.
- Test cases for which the requirements change frequently.
- Test cases are executed on an ad-hoc basis.
Automated testing process
The following steps are followed in the automation process.
phase 1) Selection of test tool
The selection of test tools largely depends on the technology the Application Under Test is built on, for example, QTP does not support Informatica. That’s why QTP cannot be used to test Informatica applications. It’s a good idea to present a proof-of-concept tool at AUT.
phase 2) Define the scope of automation.
In phase 2, the following points help to determine the scope of automation.
- The feature which is important for the business
- To the extent that business components are reused
- Common features in applications
- Technical feasibility
- The complexity of test cases
Phase 3) Planning, design, and development
In this phase, you can create a strategy and plan for business.
- Automation tools selected.
- Framework design and its features
- Finding scope
- Automation testbed preparation
- Deliverables of Automation Testing
Phase 4) Test Execution
During this phase automation script is executed. Input test data is required before the script is ready to run. Once executed they provide detailed test reports. Automation tools can be used for the execution directly.
Phase 5) Maintenance
The maintenance approach is an automation testing step performed to check if the new features included in the software are working properly.
Framework for Automation
A framework is a set of automation guidelines that help in following.
- Maintaining consistency of Testing
- Improves test structuring.
- Minimal use of code
- Low Maintenance of code
- Improve reusability.
- Non-Technical testers can be involved in code.
- The training period of using the tool can be decreased.
- Involves Data wherever appropriate.
There are four sorts of frameworks utilized in automation software testing.
- Data-Driven Automation Framework
- Keyword Driven Automation Framework
- Modular Automation Framework
- Hybrid Automation Framework
Types of Automated testing
- Smoke Testing
- Unit Testing
- Integration Testing
- Functional Testing
- Keyword Testing
- Regression Testing
- Data-Driven Testing
- Black Box Testing
Benefits of Automation testing
The benefits of test automation are as follows.
- 70% faster than the manual testing
- Wider test coverage of application features
- Reliable in results
- Ensure Consistency
- Saves Time and Cost
- Improves accuracy
- Increases Efficiency
- Better speed in executing tests
- Reusable test scripts
- Test Frequently and thoroughly
- Early time to market
How to choose Automation Testing Tools
The following criteria will help you choose the best tool for your needs.
- Environment Support
- Ease of use
- Testing of Database
- Object identification
- Image Testing
- Error Recovery Testing
- Object Mapping
- Scripting Language Used
- Ability to recognize objects in any environments
Automation Testing Tools
There are several testing tools of automation available in the market. Here are the best automation tools certified by our experts.
Ranorex Studio is an all-in-one tool for automating functional UI tests, regression tests, data-driven tests, and much more.it includes an easy-to-use interface to automate tests for desktop, web, and mobile applications. Learn More
- Cross-browser testing
- SAP, ERP, Delphi, and legacy applications.
- iOS and Android
- Robust reporting
- Run tests locally or remotely
Testim is the best tool for the fastest path and end-to-end tests –codeless, coded or both. Testim Tool enables you to create amazingly stable codeless tests that leverage our AI, and also provides the flexibility to export tests as code. Users such as Microsoft, NetApp, Wix, and JFrog use Testim every month to run millions of tests on it. Learn More
QTP (MicroFocus UFT)
QTP allows the tester to create test cases directly from the application. it is widely used for functional and regression testing; it solves every major software application and environment. Download QTP
- Parameterization is easier than WinRunner.
- QTP supports a .NET development environment.
- It has a better object identification mechanism.